Open Education and Open Educational Resources in Brazilian Public Policy

 Posted by on July 20, 2015  Comments Off on Open Education and Open Educational Resources in Brazilian Public Policy
Jul 202015
 

digital rights lac[Priscila Gonsales, Digital Rights LAC, Link, (CC-BY-SA)] After the industrial revolution, the information was primarily physical, printed: books, records, CDs, textbooks, encyclopedias, among other instruments. With the advent of internet, the information no longer requires materiality: it can be spread, multiplied, copied, distributed, remixed, in other words, changed in an immediate and unlimited manner according to varied contexts and needs. If nowadays finding data, content and materials is a click away, education should benefit from this potential and start to use, create and share online teaching resources available, improving research skills, collaboration and authorship of teachers and students. Unfortunately, this is still far from reality. Continue reading »

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Unlocking the Gates of Alexandria: DRM, Competition and Access to E-Books

 Posted by on June 22, 2015  Comments Off on Unlocking the Gates of Alexandria: DRM, Competition and Access to E-Books
Jun 222015
 

bittarAuthor: Ana Carolina Bittar

Abstract: New technologies can often disrupt the balance between public and private interests in copyright law. For example, the Internet has facilitated the dissemination of artistic works by allowing users to mass distribute files within seconds. In response, the entertainment industry has turned to digital rights management (DRM) as one way of combating piracy. Continue reading »

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Mapping Digital Media: Brazil

 Posted by on October 27, 2014  Comments Off on Mapping Digital Media: Brazil
Oct 272014
 
world economic forum-cc-by-bc-sa

World Economic Forum CC-BY-NC-SA

[Jhessica Reia and Antonia Azambuja, Digital Rights LAC, Link, (CC-BY)] The 20th Century witnessed important technological and cultural transformations, which altered forms of production and consumption of content and news. As a result of an ever increasing process of digitization, media outlets are now faced with a new scenario and the need consider transforming their production processes, and even cutting back in some areas. However, not all countries came out of this digital transition in the same way, making it difficult to survey such a dynamic scenario and analyze the media of today and the media of tomorrow. As a result of the need to understand this moment and of the preponderant role that the access to abundant and reliable information must play in the establishing of democratic processes, a research and advocacy project arose, named Mapping Digital Media. Continue reading »

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A Civil Society Perspective on NETmundial 2014 Final Outcome Document

 Posted by on April 28, 2014  Comments Off on A Civil Society Perspective on NETmundial 2014 Final Outcome Document
Apr 282014
 

netmudialA Remarkable Achievement, Despite Losses to Hollywood & Govts Over Specific Language on Most Controversial Issues

[Robin Gross, IP Justice, Link (CC-BY-ND-NC)] A few ‘big picture’ thoughts on the Netmundial meeting in Brazil this week and its final outcome document, adopted by its high level committee.  Overall, there are some truly amazing and forward-looking principles supported in the “Netmundial Multi-Stakeholder Statement” that we as civil society should be proud of, and especially our civil society representatives who worked tirelessly for this achievement. Continue reading »

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Mar 252014
 

Luiz Fernando Moncau (@lfmoncau)
Pedro Nicoletti Mizukami (@p_mizukami)
Center for Technology and Society @ FGV Law School, Rio

At around 9pm today, March 25th 2014, the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies finally voted in favor of approving the Marco Civil bill. The text, which can be read here (in Portuguese), will now be sent to the Federal Senate for deliberation. If any changes are approved there, it will be returned to the Chamber of Deputies before it can be sanctioned by President Dilma Rousseff.

Marco Civil, which is the first major Brazilian law on Internet rights—including provisions on net neutrality and intermediary liability—was modified several times by rapporteur Dep. Alessandro Molon (Worker’s Party, Rio de Janeiro), so that consensus could be reached in the Chamber of Deputies. It was a complicated process.

The approved text is substantially different than the version sent to Congress in 2011, which was the output of a broad public consultation process that took place between October 2009 and May 2010 (more information can be found in the 2011 CGI.Br Internet Policy Report). Battles over intermediary liability, data retention, and net neutrality stalled bill’s progress in the Chamber of Deputies for more than two years. Voting was delayed successive times even after the bill was put under urgency regime in September 2013—a status that has the effect of blocking most other proposals until voting is carried out.

Considering how terrible some of the proposed amendments to Marco Civil were, the approved text is largely positive. It is definitely not the ideal version of law. But it is a much better one than expected, and probably the best possible outcome given the existing political limitations.

Continue reading »

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Brazilian Civil Society Demands a Response from the Government in Relation to the Contract for ARV Drug Atazanavir

 Posted by on March 12, 2014  Comments Off on Brazilian Civil Society Demands a Response from the Government in Relation to the Contract for ARV Drug Atazanavir
Mar 122014
 

abiaInternational agreement brings to light deficiencies of contract established in Brazil

[Associação Brasileira Interdisciplinar de AIDS, Link]  The recently announced license agreement for the patent of the anti-aids drug atazanavir, signed between the U.S. company Bristol Myers Squibb (BMS) and the Medicines Patent Pool (MPP), is a warning for Brazil. In November 2011, an agreement for the same purpose (patent license) was signed between BMS and the Brazilian public laboratory Farmanguinhos, but with very different terms. Continue reading »

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Copyright Week: What Happened to the Brazilian Copyright Reform?

 Posted by on January 20, 2014  Comments Off on Copyright Week: What Happened to the Brazilian Copyright Reform?
Jan 202014
 

brazil-flagMariana Giorgetti Valente (@mrnvlnt)
Pedro Nicoletti Mizukami (@p_mizukami)
Creative Commons Brazil, Link, (CC-BY-SA)
Center for Technology and Society @ FGV Law School, Rio

[Versão em português/Portuguese version]

While open licensing can be a powerful strategy to correct some of the many distortions produced by an unbalanced copyright system, there’s only so much that can be accomplished without a major overhaul of copyright law. Continue reading »

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English Translation of the New Version of Brazil’s Marco Civil

 Posted by on November 18, 2013  Comments Off on English Translation of the New Version of Brazil’s Marco Civil
Nov 182013
 

brazil-flagThanks to Carolina Rossini for sending an English translation of the new version of Brazil’s Marco Civil legislation.

Intellectual Property Watch reports that the bill has hit a roadblock in the legislature, and “pressure from industry had already resulted in the draft legislation being shelved at the end of last year.” However, Rossini, writes that  the new version of the text “has received great support from Brazilian civil society and has also gathered great (but not yet enough) support from legislators.” Continue reading »

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Internet Needs an Uncompromising “Marco Civil” in Brazil!

 Posted by on October 28, 2013  Comments Off on Internet Needs an Uncompromising “Marco Civil” in Brazil!
Oct 282013
 

la quad2[La Quadrature du Net, Link (CC-BY-SA)] Major organizations from all around the world, defending free speech and freedoms online, signed this open letter initiated by La Quadrature du Net. It encourages for a swift adoption, in Brazil, of an uncompromising “Marco Civil de Internet” that would truly guarantee freedoms online. The vote is scheduled on Tuesday.

(Your organization can still sign the letter, after its publication, by sending an email to signature (AT) laquadrature.net) Continue reading »

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Brazilian Patent Law Report

 Posted by on September 25, 2013  Comments Off on Brazilian Patent Law Report
Sep 252013
 

brazilian patent reform - coverThe Brazilian Center for Strategic Studies and Debates has just released the English version of its major report – Brazil’s Patent Reform: Innovation Towards National Competitiveness.

This 363-page report comprehensively addresses the need for patent law reform in Brazil.  The report addresses TRIPS compliance, TRIPS flexibilities, public health, and industrial policy rationales.  Scholars, experts, policy makers, and IP/access to medicines activists will benefit from close study of the Report.  I urge them further to signal their support for these positive changes by signing the academics/experts letter of support (and/or short technical brief) or the civil society support letter. Continue reading »

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Brazilian Copyright Act Amended: Focus on Collective Management Organization (CMO) Regulations

 Posted by on August 21, 2013  Comments Off on Brazilian Copyright Act Amended: Focus on Collective Management Organization (CMO) Regulations
Aug 212013
 

rochaAlmost six years after Brazil started publicly discussing its Copyright Bill, the first concrete changes start turning into law. On August 15, the sanctioned Amendment got published under number 12.853 and is available, in Portuguese, at http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2011-2014/2013/Lei/L12853.htm.

It focuses on the regulation of Brazilian Music CMO (ECAD) – but affects all others CMOs – and implements some important changes such as the creation of a supervision, mediation and arbitration government body; strict transparency rules for CMOs; price setting criteria; liability rules for directors and managers; put a cap (15% in 4 years) on the administrative fee charged by CMOs; and limits the Directors’ terms. Continue reading »

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