Movie Piracy and Displaced Sales in Europe: Evidence from Six Countries

 Posted by on October 10, 2016  Comments Off on Movie Piracy and Displaced Sales in Europe: Evidence from Six Countries
Oct 102016
 

EUAuthors: Benedikt Herz and Kamil Kiljański

Abstract: This paper presents estimates of lost movie sales due to unpaid movie consumption. We are the first to provide estimates that are recent, representative of the internet-using population, and cover multiple countries. Based on an online questionnaire with almost 30,000 respondents, we document that one unpaid (first) viewing of a movie displaces about 0.37 units of paid viewings. Using a back-of-the-envelope calculation, we show that this implies that unpaid movie viewings reduced movie sales in Europe by about 4.4% during the sample period. Lost sales differ substantially by country: they are in the range of 1.65% for Germany and 10.4% for Spain. We also find that 94% of lost sales are due to unpaid viewings by a small group of only 20% of consumers. Our findings have important implications for copyright policy. Continue reading »

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Global Innovation Index 2016: Switzerland, Sweden, UK, U.S., Finland, Singapore Lead; China Joins Top 25

 Posted by on August 15, 2016  Comments Off on Global Innovation Index 2016: Switzerland, Sweden, UK, U.S., Finland, Singapore Lead; China Joins Top 25
Aug 152016
 

wipo logoChina joins the ranks of the world’s 25 most-innovative economies, while Switzerland, Sweden, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Finland and Singapore lead the 2016 rankings in the Global Innovation Index, released today by Cornell University, INSEAD and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).

China’s top-25 entry marks the first time a middle-income country has joined the highly developed economies that have historically dominated the top of the Global Innovation Index (GII) throughout its nine years of surveying the innovative capacity of 100-plus countries across the globe. China’s progression reflects the country’s improved innovation performance as well as methodological considerations such as improved innovation metrics in the GII. Continue reading »

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R&D Spending and Patenting in the Technology Hardware Sector in Nations With and Without Fair Use

 Posted by on July 29, 2016  Comments Off on R&D Spending and Patenting in the Technology Hardware Sector in Nations With and Without Fair Use
Jul 292016
 

palmedoThis post uses two common indicators of innovation to see how the technology hardware sector compares in countries with and without fair use. It illustrates that research and development spending by firms in these industries has been higher in countries with fair use, controlling for other firm- and country-level factors. It then shows more patents have been granted to the technology sector in countries that have adopted fair use, relative to patents granted to firms in the same industries in other countries, controlling for other country-level factors. Continue reading »

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New Research Commissioned by [UK] IPO Shows Fall in Online Infringement and Steep Rise in Consumer Use of Streaming

 Posted by on July 13, 2016  Comments Off on New Research Commissioned by [UK] IPO Shows Fall in Online Infringement and Steep Rise in Consumer Use of Streaming
Jul 132016
 

uk ipo[UK Intellectual Property Office, Link (OGL v3.0)]  The meteoric rise of streaming services such as Spotify and Netflix may be having a chilling effect on illegal copyright infringement according to new research.

Kantar Media’s Online Copyright Infringement Tracker, commissioned by the UK Intellectual Property Office, has shown that over half (52%) of internet users consuming content online now use streaming services. While downloading content is becoming comparatively less popular (39%). Continue reading »

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Evidence-Based Intellectual Property Policymaking

 Posted by on July 5, 2016  Comments Off on Evidence-Based Intellectual Property Policymaking
Jul 052016
 

jdbThe intellectual property system is a crucial part of economic policymaking worldwide. It affects matters of profound importance, including health, education, nutrition, culture, science, technology and innovation policy. One might assume, therefore, that the global governance of intellectual property rights rests on a solid foundation of evidence. Think again. For over a century, intellectual property policy has been based largely on theoretical assumptions and political lobbying. Continue reading »

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Jun 222016
 

palmedoI’ve written before on the U.S. Chamber of Commerce’s International Intellectual Property Index, which ranks the strength of countries’ intellectual property protection based  on publicly available information about the IP landscape in each country. This includes laws, regulations, court decisions, academic studies, analysis from bodies like OECD, and news stories. As I mentioned in my post on the 2014 index, a fair amount of subjectivity goes into the document, which ranks the U.S. #1 and is used to promote the expansion of U.S.-style intellectual property norms.

Today I came across James Nurton’s post on the Managing IP Blog about the multinational law firm Taylor Wessing’s Global Intellectual Property index (GIPI). This comparison of countries’ IP protection ranks the U.S. at 24 out of 43 – tied with Chile and occupying a neighborhood in the list among other countries the U.S. has accused of inadequate IP protection.   Continue reading »

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Jun 202016
 

EU Flag [William New for IP Watch, Link (CC-BY-NC-SA)] The 28 European Union governments today were expected to give final approval to a first-ever plan to analyse medicines competition in Europe, with reference to drug prices, generics and biosimilars, and intellectual property rights. The final version was watered after what sources said was heavy industry lobbying, compared to a leaked version published in Intellectual Property Watch two weeks ago, but still retains some strong provisions regarding pricing and competition. Continue reading »

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Notice and Takedown in Everyday Practice

 Posted by on March 30, 2016  Comments Off on Notice and Takedown in Everyday Practice
Mar 302016
 

urban-karaganis-schofieldAuthors:  Jennifer M. Urban, Joe Karaganis, and Brianna L. Schofield

Abstract: It has been nearly twenty years since section 512 of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act established the so-called notice and takedown process. Despite its importance to copyright holders, online service providers, and Internet speakers, very little empirical research has been done on how effective section 512 is for addressing copyright infringement, spurring online service provider development, or providing due process for notice targets.

This report includes three studies that draw back the curtain on notice and takedown: Continue reading »

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State of the Commons: 1 Billion Creative Commons Works

 Posted by on December 9, 2015  Comments Off on State of the Commons: 1 Billion Creative Commons Works
Dec 092015
 

cc[Ryan Merkley, Creative Commons, Link (CC-BY)] I’m proud to share with you Creative Commons’ 2015 State of the Commons report, our best effort to measure the immeasurable scope of the commons by looking at the CC licensed content, along with content marked as public domain, that comprise the slice of the commons powered by CC tools.

Creative Commoners have known all along that collaboration, sharing, and cooperation are a driving force for human evolution. And so for many it will come as no surprise that in 2015 we achieved a tremendous milestone: over 1.1 billion CC licensed photos, videos, audio tracks, educational materials, research articles, and more have now been contributed to the shared global commons.

Click here for the full report from Creative Commons

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Oct 262015
 

ethics evolvedNovember 3, 2015 | 11:00
McKinley Media Innovation Lab
American University

The AU School of Communications Faculty Forum, and the AU Washington College of Law Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property will host a talk by Professor Aram Sinnreich in which he will discuss  his paper Ethics, Evolved: An International Perspective on Copying in the Networked Age.
Continue reading »

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Sep 022015
 

American_University_Washington_College_of_Law_LogoAmerican University Washington College of Law’s Program and Information Justice and Intellectual Property and the American University International Law Review (“AUILR”) seek submissions for a AUILR Focus Issue on International and Comparative User Rights in the Digital Economy. A symposium for the issue will be held on March 18, 2016. Scholarships are available for accepted authors. Continue reading »

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AUILR & Global Congress on Intellectual Property and the Public Interest: User Rights Track Call for Papers

 Posted by on July 27, 2015  Comments Off on AUILR & Global Congress on Intellectual Property and the Public Interest: User Rights Track Call for Papers
Jul 272015
 

gc2015 logo-400pxThe User Rights track of the Fourth Global Congress on Intellectual Property and the Public Interest (www.global-congress.org), Delhi, India, December 15-17, 2016, and a Focus Issue of the American University International Law Review seeks research contributions.

Accepted paper proposals will be given opportunities to present and seek feedback on their draft work at the Global Congress on Intellectual Property and the Public Interest December 14-17, 2015, and at a Symposium at American University Washington College of Law in Washington D.C. on March 18, 2016.

New publications on international and comparative law will be considered for publication in the American University International Law Review (Spring 2016).  Continue reading »

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