Innovation, Intellectual Property, and Development: A Better Set of Approaches for the 21st Century

 Posted by on October 20, 2017  Comments Off on Innovation, Intellectual Property, and Development: A Better Set of Approaches for the 21st Century
Oct 202017
 

Dean Baker[1], Arjun Jayadev[2] and Joseph Stiglitz[3]  | Full Paper (CC-BY)

Introduction:  The twenty first century global economy will differ from that of the twentieth in at least two critical ways. First, the weight of the developing world in the global economy will be substantially higher. In particular, emerging economies such as China, Brazil, India and South Africa will have a more important role to play based on their pace of growth. Second, the ‘weightless economy‘ – the economy of ideas, knowledge and information – will become an increasingly important fraction of economic output and ever more important for economic growth and development, both in developed and developing economies.

These two facts alone would suggest that economic institutions and laws created in the twentieth century, to manage the growth of currently advanced industrialised economies, will be increasingly inadequate to govern global economic activity. Nowhere is this more evident than in the area of intellectual property rights (IPRs). Continue reading »

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UCT IP Unit co-publishes IP, Innovation and Development paper authored by Nobel Prize winner Joseph Stiglitz et al.

 Posted by on July 25, 2017  Comments Off on UCT IP Unit co-publishes IP, Innovation and Development paper authored by Nobel Prize winner Joseph Stiglitz et al.
Jul 252017
 

[University of Cape Town IP Unit Press Release, Link] Together with two institutions in India and Brazil, UCT’s IP Unit has just co-published a paper with the title ‘Innovation, Intellectual Property and Development: A Better Set of Approaches for the 21st Century.’ The paper is authored by Dean Baker, Associate Professor Arjun Jayadev and Nobel Prize winner and former Chief Economist of the World Bank Professor Joseph E. Stiglitz. It is part of a series of arguments from AccessIBSA: Innovation & Access to Medicines in India, Brazil & South Africa, a project supported by the Shuttleworth Foundation.

In the paper’s introduction, the authors state that “[i]f the knowledge economy and the economy of ideas is to be a key part of the global economy and if static societies are to be transformed into ‘learning societies’ that are key for growth and development, there is a desperate need to rethink the current [intellectual property] regime and to allow for a much less restrictive flow of information and knowledge. Moreover, if we are considering questions of ethics, the current regime is deeply regressive and inefficient.” Continue reading »

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Jan 032017
 

Thanks to Peter Yu for sending a link to the current issue of the WIPO Journal, which is dedicated to the theme of IP and development. Many of the articles look of interest to readers of the infojustice blog.  The contents are:

Five Decades of Intellectual Property and Global Development (Peter K. Yu); Development and International Copyright: A History (Sara Bannerman); Prioritising Human Development in African Intellectual Property Law (J. Janewa OseiTutu); Decolonising Intellectual Property Law in Pursuit of Africa’s Development (Caroline B. Ncube); Drugs, Drugs Everywhere but Just Not for the Poor (Srividhya Ragavan); The Never-ending Story of Access to Medicines (Dhanay M. Cadillo Chandler); Continue reading »

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Nov 212016
 

yuAbstract: The 2016-2017 biennium marks the historical milestones of several major pro-development initiatives relating to intellectual property law and policy. These important milestones include the Intellectual Property Conference of Stockholm in 1967, the adoption of the Declaration on the Right to Development (UNDRD) in 1986 and the establishment of the WIPO Development Agenda in 2007.

On January 1, 2016, the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) also came into force. Adopted by the UN General Assembly in September 2015, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development featured 17 SDGs and 169 targets. Prominently mentioned in Target 3.b of SDG 3 are the TRIPS Agreement and the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health. Continue reading »

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South African Intellectual Property Consultative Framework

 Posted by on July 20, 2016  Comments Off on South African Intellectual Property Consultative Framework
Jul 202016
 

South African Flag[South Africa Department of Trade and Industry, Link] The National Development Plan (NDP) calls for greater emphasis on innovation, improved productivity, more intensive pursuit of a knowledge economy and better exploitation of comparative and competitive advantages. Intellectual property (IP) is an important policy instrument in promoting innovation, technology transfer, research and development (R&D), industrial development and more broadly – economic growth. Continue reading »

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Statement of Conclusion for the IP and Development Track of the Fourth Global Congress on IP and the Public Interest

 Posted by on January 2, 2016  Comments Off on Statement of Conclusion for the IP and Development Track of the Fourth Global Congress on IP and the Public Interest
Jan 022016
 

gc2015 logo-400pxIP and Development Track Organizers, Reposted from global-congress.org

WRAP-UP NOTE 1: FEEDBACK ON BROAD DISCUSSION IN THE IP AND DEV TRACK – SET OF COLLECTED KEY POINTS

This year, the discussions included attention to broad perspectives on clarifying the meaning and reality of open collaborative innovation, as well as significant focus on the sub-themes of economic development (innovation and software patents, clean technologies, climate change and green patenting, issues of branding and plain packaging); sustainable development (agriculture and geographic indicators [GI]); policy, law and regulation (role of governments, patenting, compulsory licensing [CL], global institutions [particularly WTO, WIPO and WHO] and national institutions [particularly patent offices]). Trade dominated the discussions across the IP and Dev track, including the TPP and other issues, reflecting the strong global trade agenda. Continue reading »

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The Trans-Pacific Partnership Poses a Grave Threat to Sustainable Development

 Posted by on November 20, 2015  Comments Off on The Trans-Pacific Partnership Poses a Grave Threat to Sustainable Development
Nov 202015
 

rimmer[Cross posted from The Conversation, Link (CC-BY-ND)] This month’s long-awaited release of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) text was the result of years of negotiations on trade ties between nations around the Pacific Rim. Some six weeks earlier, another set of deliberations came to an end as the United Nations unveiled its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which aim to eradicate poverty and reduce inequality by addressing critical issues such as food security, health care, access to education, clean and affordable water, clean energy, and climate action. Continue reading »

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Nov 052015
 

palmedoUSTR has pointed to the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) development chapter, the first such chapter in any U.S. trade agreement,  as evidence that the TPP is an advancement over previous ones. Last night’s release of the official TPP text provides the first opportunity to read the development chapter text (which I believe had not been previously leaked).

The chapter includes a lot of general language about  promoting development.  For instance, Article 23.2 – “Parties acknowledge the importance of each Party’s leadership in implementing development policies, including policies that are designed for its nationals to maximise the use of the opportunities created by this Agreement.” The heart of the chapter seems to be the Article 23.6, which establishes a Committee on Development that will meet to discuss TPP countries’ experiences with development within the framework of the agreement. Still, there are no concrete obligations for action. Continue reading »

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WIPO African Ministerial Should Embrace a Pro-Competitive and Pro-Development IP Vision

 Posted by on October 13, 2015  Comments Off on WIPO African Ministerial Should Embrace a Pro-Competitive and Pro-Development IP Vision
Oct 132015
 

ictsd-160px[Ahmed Abdel-Latif, Dick Kawooya, and Chidi Oguamanam, Bridges Africa, LinkSummary: An African ministerial meeting, organised by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the Japan Patent Office (JPO), to be held in Senegal next November 3-5 should embrace a balanced and development-oriented approach to intellectual property. Such an approach ought to take into account the needs, priorities and socio-economic circumstances of African countries as well as the most recent empirical evidence on the dynamics of intellectual property and innovation on the continent. Continue reading »

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Jan 222014
 

ajstidWe invite participants of the combined 3rd Global Congress on IP and the Public Interest and Open A.I.R. Conference on Innovation and IP in Africa to submit their papers for a special issue of the African Journal for Science, Technology, Innovation and Development. The best papers presented and submitted at the Open A.I.R. Conference and Global Congress will be reviewed, and may be selected for publication.

The AJSTID (http://www.ajstid.com) is an interdisciplinary and refereed international journal on science, technology, innovation and development in Africa and other low-income countries. It has been established to highlight the crucial role of science, technology and innovation for development and to promote research on the contribution of knowledge creation and diffusion to development in Africa. Continue reading »

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Innovation, Intellectual Property Rights, and Economic Development: A Unified Empirical Investigation

 Posted by on March 15, 2013  Comments Off on Innovation, Intellectual Property Rights, and Economic Development: A Unified Empirical Investigation
Mar 152013
 

World Development CoverAuthors: John Hudson and Alexandru Minea

Abstract:  Two important strands of literature investigate the way the effect of intellectual property rights (IPR) on innovation depends on either the initial IPR level or the level of economic development. We expand on this by studying their joint effect, in a single, unified, empirical framework. We find that the effect of IPR on innovation is more complex than previously thought, displaying important nonlinearities depending on the initial levels of both IPR and per capita GDP. The policy implications of this are examined and include the conclusion that a single global level of IPR is in general sub-optimal. Continue reading »

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Beyond the Unrealistic Solution for Development Provided by the Appendix of the Berne Convention on Copyright

 Posted by on April 30, 2012  Comments Off on Beyond the Unrealistic Solution for Development Provided by the Appendix of the Berne Convention on Copyright
Apr 302012
 

PIJIP Research Paper no. 2012-08

Author: Aberto Cerda Silva

Abstract: The standards of copyright protection promoted by the Berne Convention are highly problematic for developing countries because these countries need to ensure a wide dissemination of works for teaching, scholarship, and research purposes. In order to accommodate these needs and to promote accession to this Convention, the 1971 Paris Act of the Berne Convention, included an Appendix that allowed developing countries to issue compulsory licenses for translating and/or reproducing foreign works into languages of general use in their territories. Unfortunately, the Appendix has not met the needs of developing countries, which, instead, have relied on idiosyncratic solutions. Additionally, the instrument does not provide solutions for other needs, such as those of linguistic and cultural minorities, and it is arguable whether the Appendix applies online. Continue reading »

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