Aug 282015
Photo by Ito (CC-BY-2.0)

Photo by Ito (CC-BY-2.0)

Abstract: Sharing research data by depositing it in connection with a published article or otherwise making data publicly available sometimes raises intellectual property questions in the minds of depositing researchers, their employers, their funders, and other researchers who seek to reuse research data. In this context or in the drafting of data management plans, common questions are (1) what are the legal rights in data; (2) who has these rights; and (3) how does one with these rights use them to share data in a way that permits or encourages productive downstream uses? Leaving to the side privacy and national security laws that regulate sharing certain types of data, this Perspective explains how to work through the general intellectual property and contractual issues for all research data.

Carroll MW (2015) Sharing Research Data and Intellectual Property Law: A Primer. PLoS Biol 13(8): e1002235. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1002235

Full Article:

Creative Commons Licenses Opening Access to Education in Sub-Saharan Africa and India

 Posted by on March 12, 2015  Comments Off on Creative Commons Licenses Opening Access to Education in Sub-Saharan Africa and India
Mar 122015

cc open edu icon[Cross posted from the CCUSA blog, Link (CC-BY)] In all my time with Creative Commons, I’ve come to see that support comes from people across a wide spectrum of creators. For some, the Creative Commons licenses and their related icons provide the vocabulary and the solidarity around the sharing that they would engage in over the Internet even if the licenses did not exist. For others, the licenses are needed to free users from copyright constraints that would otherwise inhibit or prohibit uses that the creator wants to promote. Continue reading »

Nov 142014
Photo by Ito (CC-BY-2.0)

Photo by Ito (CC-BY-2.0)

I recently served on an expert panel convened by the Royal Society of Canada to do a report on the future of libraries and archives in the country.  That report has now been published – The Future Now: Canada’s Libraries, Archives, and Public Memory.  It’s gotten press coverage so far from the Ottawa Citizen and Quill and Quire.

The report explores how libraries and archives can best adopt to changing digital technologies and cultural practices. An excerpt from the executive summary, discussing the outcomes of the expert panel’s consultations, and offering specific recommendations, follows: Continue reading »

Jul 152014
Photo by Ito (CC-BY-2.0)

Photo by Ito (CC-BY-2.0)

[Cross posted from Creative Commons-USA, Link, (CC-BY)]  Chairman Coble, Ranking Member Nadler, Chairman Goodlatte, Ranking Member Conyers, and members of the Subcommittee, my name is Michael Carroll, and I am a member of the faculty at American University Washington College of Law, where I direct the Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property and serve as the Public Lead for Creative Commons USA.  Creative Commons USA is the United States’ project that works under the terms of an agreement with Creative Commons, Inc., a global non-profit corporation headquartered in California.  Creative Commons has agreements with projects in more than 70 countries through which the local project is authorized to represent Creative Commons at the national level.  Creative Commons and Creative Commons USA have some experiences and legal tools that are relevant to the topics of today’s hearing.  Continue reading »

Jun 192014
Photo by Ito (CC-BY-2.0)

Photo by Ito (CC-BY-2.0)

PIJIP Reesearch Paper 2014-01

ABSTRACT: Rejecting the conventional story that formalities in copyright law were abolished by the Berne Convention, this Article demonstrates that privately administered systems of formalities play a significant role in the administration of copyright law worldwide. Indeed, they must because copyright is designed to support a transaction structure which requires rightsholders who seek to attract licensing partners to go through some formal step to identify themselves and the works in which they have a legal or beneficial interest. Continue reading »

Open Educational Resources Expand Access to Higher Education in the United States

 Posted by on March 14, 2014  Comments Off on Open Educational Resources Expand Access to Higher Education in the United States
Mar 142014
Photo by Ito (CC-BY-2.0)

Photo by Ito (CC-BY-2.0)

Leaders in the Obama Administration, in state governments, and in corporate America have acknowledged the urgency of increasing access to higher education in the United States – particularly through community colleges.  These leaders also recognize the importance of improving completion rates and educational outcomes for those who enroll.

As we come to the close of Open Education Week, it is now time for these leaders to focus attention, energy and resources on the most immediate opportunity to make progress toward these goals while also freeing up billions of dollars that can be redirected toward this progress.  Make textbooks available to students for free or at very low marginal cost. Continue reading »

Jan 142014

copyright-square-1Reposted from CC-USA for Copyright Week.

Whatever one thinks about the rest of the Google Book business, I think it’s important to focus on the digitization of public domain books by both Google and the Open Content Alliance and to use these efforts as the basis for conceiving of the Digital Public Domain as a more robust version of the traditional public domain.

Here’s the gist of the argument: Continue reading »

Statement by CCUSA Director Michael Carroll on the Introduction of the Affordable College Textbook Act in the House

 Posted by on November 20, 2013  Comments Off on Statement by CCUSA Director Michael Carroll on the Introduction of the Affordable College Textbook Act in the House
Nov 202013
Photo by Ito (CC-BY-2.0)

Photo by Ito (CC-BY-2.0)

[Creative Commons U.S.A. Link (CC-BY)] Yesterday, Representatives Hinojosa and Miller introduced the Affordable College Textbook Act. The text mirrors that of the Senate bill introduced last week by Senators Durbin and Franken (see CCUSA’s statement on the Senate bill here).

The Affordable College Textbook Act would provide funding for the creation of textbooks, which would be made available to the public under open licenses, allowing students and educators to “access, reproduce, publicly perform, publicly display, adapt, distribute, and otherwise use the work and adaptations of the work for any purpose, conditioned only on the requirement that attribution be given to authors as designated.” Continue reading »

Sep 132013
Photo by Ito (CC-BY-2.0)

Photo by Ito (CC-BY-2.0)

I write to thank the many members of our community who worked to support our highly successful event yesterday afternoon organized and convened by Peter Jaszi and entitled The 2013 Marrakesh Treaty: Providing Access to Copyrighted Works for the Blind and Print Disabled.  I also write to alert teaching colleagues about the potential usefulness of the video record for use in the classroom or as a supplementary material.

This event is in the spirit of being out front on current events because the treaty was concluded this summer, and Peter was able to put together an all-star panel in a very short time.  The video is here:  A transcript for those with hearing impairments will be added shortly. Continue reading »

Aug 122013

CC-US LogoAmerican University Washington College of Law’s Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property (PIJIP) is proud to announce that it is the new home of Creative Commons United States (CC US). CC US is the U.S. volunteer affiliate in the Creative Commons Affiliate Network.

Join us on October 17, 2013 for the CC US launch party from 6:00 – 9:00 p.m. at the Carnegie Institution for Science in Washington, D.C. Continue reading »

Creative Commons and the Openness of Open Access

 Posted by on March 1, 2013  Comments Off on Creative Commons and the Openness of Open Access
Mar 012013
Photo by Ito (CC-BY-2.0)

Photo by Ito (CC-BY-2.0)

[Excerpt from essay published in the New England Journal of Medicine]  The Internet has inspired multiple movements toward greater openness — most prominently, open access, open data, open science, and open educational resources. None of these is based on the belief that there should be such a thing as a free lunch, but each recognizes that the Internet changes the economics of publication and digital-resource sharing so that changes can feasibly be made to traditional practices that are in some ways “closed,” requiring payment for access to information or prohibiting myriad reuses of accessible information. The quality of “openness” applies to both the terms of access and the terms of use. Advocates in each movement — and I am one, serving on the boards of directors of two organizations promoting open access, Creative Commons and the Public Library of Science (PLOS) — share an understanding that an open resource is freely accessible over the Internet. Opinions vary about the terms of use necessary for a resource to be open. Continue reading »

Still Waiting on Obama

 Posted by on September 23, 2012  2 Responses »
Sep 232012

Photo by Joi Ito

Does the Obama Administration believe in the power of the Internet to maximize the value of public investments in scientific research? We will soon find out. Each year, the government spends about $60 billion on basic scientific research. About half of this money goes to the National Institutes of Health, which has an Internet-friendly Public Access Policy that requires all grantees to provide a copy of journal articles and other published results of taxpayer-funded research to be posted online within one year after publication. This policy has bipartisan support and has been an unqualified success. So, why not require the other agencies that fund basic research, like the National Science Foundation, NASA and the Department of Energy, to do the same?

The White House is in the process of deciding how to answer this question. Specifically, the Office of Science and Technology Policy asked for public comment on the issue of open access to science journal articles and scientific research data arising from all federally-funded research – twice. Continue reading »