New Report: Weakened Intermediary Liability Protections Will Cost 4.25 Million Jobs & Nearly Half A Trillion Dollars In Next Decade

 Posted by on July 6, 2017  Comments Off on New Report: Weakened Intermediary Liability Protections Will Cost 4.25 Million Jobs & Nearly Half A Trillion Dollars In Next Decade
Jul 062017
 

Internet Association Press Release, June 29, 2017. Link (CC-BY-NC-SA)

Today, Internet Association released a new analysis that found reducing intermediary liability safe harbor protections would cost the U.S. 4.25 million jobs and reduce GDP by nearly half a trillion dollars over the next decade. Conducted by NERA Economic Consulting, the report represents the first quantitative measure of the value of safe harbor laws that protect internet platforms from being liable for wrongdoing by others. Continue reading »

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Jun 192017
 

[Afro Leo, Afro-IP blog, Link (CC-BY)] Last week WIPO, Cornell University, INSEAD and their knowledge partners published their annual Global Innovation Index GII 2017. This index is a global benchmarking tool for determining the state of innovation on the globe. Its premise is that innovation is the key driver for economic growth and general prosperity.

The GII is notable because it far more than a measure of R&D or levels of patenting. Continue reading »

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The Global Innovation Index 2017: Innovation Feeding the World

 Posted by on June 16, 2017  Comments Off on The Global Innovation Index 2017: Innovation Feeding the World
Jun 162017
 

The 2017 Global Innovation Index has been jointly published under a Creative Commons license by WIPO, Cornell University and INSEAD. The WIPO press release on its publication is here.  The “Key Findings” section is reproduced below.  Click here for the full report.

Key Findings

From the Global Innovation Index 2017, devoted to measuring the innovation performance of 127 economies and the theme ‘Innovation Feeding the World’, six messages emerge. Many of these messages are concerned with innovation as a driver of growth generally. One is concerned specifically with the role of innovation as a way to address the growing need for advances in agriculture and food value chains. Continue reading »

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Fair Use in the U.S. Economy: The Economic Contribution of Industries Relying on Fair Use

 Posted by on June 11, 2017  Comments Off on Fair Use in the U.S. Economy: The Economic Contribution of Industries Relying on Fair Use
Jun 112017
 

Computer & Communications Industry Association, Fair Use in the U.S. Economy: Economic Contribution of Industries Relying on Fair Use (CCIA: 2017), available online at ccianet.org.

Executive Summary:  In 2007, CCIA released a report prepared by Capital Trade, Inc. that was the first comprehensive study quantifying the U.S. economic contribution of industries relying on fair use and related legal provisions. The current report is the third update of the size and performance of the fair use economy. This study finds that in 2014, value added by fair use industries was 16 percent of the U.S. economy, employing 1 in 8 U.S. workers, and contributing $2.8 trillion to U.S. GDP. Meanwhile, the combined value added by industries that are the most reliant on fair use and other limitations and exceptions to copyright protections has more than tripled in size over 2002. From 2012 to 2014, the real output of these primary core industries accounted for 6.7 percent of real GDP growth, six times their current weight in the U.S. economy. Continue reading »

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Mar 272017
 

Author: Antoni Terra

Abstract: Digital piracy is a worldwide concern. Both very high and very low rates of intellectual property infringement threaten innovation, thus implying that some level of effective copyright regulation is required to incentivize the creation of original works. However, although Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights advocates for social access to culture as well as the protection of copyright, many countries do not yet have an economic and legal balance between authors and consumers. Continue reading »

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Mar 092017
 

Delivered March 8, 2017 at the Open Hearing that USTR conducted as part of the 2017 Special 301 Review

Thank you for the opportunity to testify at this hearing. My name is Mike Palmedo, and I work for American University Washington College of Law’s Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property (PIJIP). We are an academic research program that promotes the public interest in IP policy. Much of my recent research at PIJIP has involved the comparison of copyright limitations in different countries, and the examination of outcomes associated with different copyright limitation structures. Continue reading »

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Nov 102016
 

Photo: Adrian (CC-BY)Yesterday, the American University economics department hosted a presentation by Joan Calzada of his working paper with Richard Gil, What Do News Aggregators Do? Evidence from Google News in Spain and Germany.  The paper studies the role of news aggregation, in which snippets from copyrighted news stories are reproduced on an aggregator’s website, which then provides a link to each full story on the copyright-holding newspapers’ own websites.  Calzada and Gils analyzed web traffic data for newspapers’ websites in Spain before and after Google News dropped out of the country following the imposition of a link fee. Continue reading »

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Global Report on Access to Hepatitis C Treatment: Focus on Overcoming Barriers

 Posted by on October 28, 2016  Comments Off on Global Report on Access to Hepatitis C Treatment: Focus on Overcoming Barriers
Oct 282016
 

hep-c-report-coverStefan Wiktor, Françoise Renaud and Peter Beyer
World Health Organization | October 2016

Excerpt from Executive Summary:  This is the first-ever global report on treatment access to hepatitis C medicines. The report provides the information that countries and health authorities need to identify the appropriate HCV treatment, and procure it at affordable prices. The report uses the experience of several pioneering countries to demonstrate how barriers to treatment access can be overcome. It also provides information on the production of new hepatitis C drugs and generic versions worldwide, including  where  the  drugs  are  registered,  where  the  drugs  are  patented  and  where  not,  and  what  opportunities  countries have under the license agreements that were signed by some companies as well as current pricing of all recommended DAAs, including by generic companies all over the world.

Click here for the full report

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Oct 172016
 

pills - cc hitthatswitchIndia is often called the “pharmacy of the developing world” because its pharmaceutical firms provide a large portion of the generic drugs consumed in the South. However, Northern countries are increasingly importing Indian drugs as well, as high prices have led to greater generic uptake.

As an example, the United States has greatly expanded the amount of medicines it buys from India. Continue reading »

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Movie Piracy and Displaced Sales in Europe: Evidence from Six Countries

 Posted by on October 10, 2016  Comments Off on Movie Piracy and Displaced Sales in Europe: Evidence from Six Countries
Oct 102016
 

EUAuthors: Benedikt Herz and Kamil Kiljański

Abstract: This paper presents estimates of lost movie sales due to unpaid movie consumption. We are the first to provide estimates that are recent, representative of the internet-using population, and cover multiple countries. Based on an online questionnaire with almost 30,000 respondents, we document that one unpaid (first) viewing of a movie displaces about 0.37 units of paid viewings. Using a back-of-the-envelope calculation, we show that this implies that unpaid movie viewings reduced movie sales in Europe by about 4.4% during the sample period. Lost sales differ substantially by country: they are in the range of 1.65% for Germany and 10.4% for Spain. We also find that 94% of lost sales are due to unpaid viewings by a small group of only 20% of consumers. Our findings have important implications for copyright policy. Continue reading »

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Global Innovation Index 2016: Switzerland, Sweden, UK, U.S., Finland, Singapore Lead; China Joins Top 25

 Posted by on August 15, 2016  Comments Off on Global Innovation Index 2016: Switzerland, Sweden, UK, U.S., Finland, Singapore Lead; China Joins Top 25
Aug 152016
 

wipo logoChina joins the ranks of the world’s 25 most-innovative economies, while Switzerland, Sweden, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Finland and Singapore lead the 2016 rankings in the Global Innovation Index, released today by Cornell University, INSEAD and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).

China’s top-25 entry marks the first time a middle-income country has joined the highly developed economies that have historically dominated the top of the Global Innovation Index (GII) throughout its nine years of surveying the innovative capacity of 100-plus countries across the globe. China’s progression reflects the country’s improved innovation performance as well as methodological considerations such as improved innovation metrics in the GII. Continue reading »

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R&D Spending and Patenting in the Technology Hardware Sector in Nations With and Without Fair Use

 Posted by on July 29, 2016  Comments Off on R&D Spending and Patenting in the Technology Hardware Sector in Nations With and Without Fair Use
Jul 292016
 

palmedoThis post uses two common indicators of innovation to see how the technology hardware sector compares in countries with and without fair use. It illustrates that research and development spending by firms in these industries has been higher in countries with fair use, controlling for other firm- and country-level factors. It then shows more patents have been granted to the technology sector in countries that have adopted fair use, relative to patents granted to firms in the same industries in other countries, controlling for other country-level factors. Continue reading »

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