Sep 112014
 

tdr2014Excerpt from the 2014 Trade and Development Report: Global Governance and Policy Space for Development, published yesterday by the UN Conference on Trade and Development.  From pages 80 to 86:

Successful development experiences have generally been associated with structural transformation. This section examines the constraints faced by developing countries in adopting the trade and investment policies they deem to be the most suitable for structural transformation. In particular, it focuses on the multiplicity of trade agreements (multilateral, bilateral and regional) and how they restrict national policy space. Continue reading »

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Sep 092014
 

africaLast week, 23 civil society groups released the African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms at the Internet Governance Forum. The Declaration was drafted by a committee led by Edetean Ojo , Executive Director of Media Rights Agenda, which announced the Declaration as “a Pan-African initiative to promote human rights standards and principles of openness in internet policy formulation and implementation on the continent. The Declaration is intended to elaborate on the principles which are necessary to uphold human and people’s rights on the internet, and to cultivate an internet environment that can best meet Africa’s social and economic development needs and goals.” Continue reading »

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Aug 262014
 

icdraCivil Society Statement for Pre-ICDRA and ICDRA

We, the undersigned organizations, bring to the attention of Drug Regulatory Authorities, WHO, Member States and other participants of Pre and International Conference on Drug Regulatory Authorities (Pre-ICDRA and ICDRA) and community in general the following concerns with regard to the regulation of biotherapeutic products, particularly biocompetitors, and its impact on access to affordable, safe and efficacious biotherapeutics. Continue reading »

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Jul 212014
 

tac-logo[Lotti Rutter, Treatment Action Campaign, Link (CC-BY)]  In 2011, the UN and member states set a goal of reaching 15 million people on AIDS treatment by 2015—a goal many questioned but that will be met next year. Since then, evidence and tools available have changed and it is clear that simply tracking testing and treatment is not good enough.  Critically, it is now clear that suppressing the HIV virus with high-quality HIV drugs keeps people living with HIV alive and healthy while also preventing HIV transmission. Continue reading »

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Jul 172014
 

logo-MedicinesPatentPoolMPP forges first agreement with a Chinese manufacturer Desano; and with Cipla, Mylan and Micro Labs; Extends Collaborations with Aurobindo, Laurus Labs and Emcure

[MPP Press Release, Link (CC-BY-NC-ND)]  Geneva – 17 July 2014.  Three days before the start of the 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne, Australia, the Medicines Patent Pool (MPP) announced seven new sub-licensing agreements for the manufacture of generic HIV medicines, atazanavir (ATV) and dolutegravir (DTG). The United Nations-backed MPP negotiates licences with key patent holders to speed access of low-cost, generic medicines to developing countries. To date, the MPP has signed agreements with Bristol Myers-Squibb, Gilead Sciences, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, the US National Institutes of Health and ViiV Healthcare for eight antiretrovirals (ARVs) and one medicine for an HIV opportunistic infection. Continue reading »

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Jul 162014
 

ifla[International Federation of Library Associations, Link (CC-BY)] Discussions regarding an international copyright instrument for libraries and archives again collapsed inconclusively at the 28th meeting of the Standing Committee on Copyright & Related Rights (SCCR) in Geneva, from Monday 30 June – Friday 4 July. In the early hours of Saturday 5 July, Member States finally “agreed to disagree” on any conclusions on copyright exceptions for libraries and archives, as well as a draft treaty for broadcasting. Continue reading »

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Jul 092014
 

eifl[Electronic Information for Libraries, Link (CC-BY)]  The 28th session of the WIPO Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights (SCCR) – the main body that shapes international copyright law – failed to reach agreement on the conclusions of its session for the second time this year. It also couldn’t agree during the late evening session on the all-important recommendations to WIPO’s General Assemblies that meet in September.

EIFL was represented at SCCR/28 that met in Geneva from 30 June – 4 July 2014 by Inta Miklūna, EIFL-IP coordinator in Latvia, and the Legal Advisor at the Culture Information Systems Centre. Following the breakdown of the last session in April, libraries and archives were hopeful that member states could resolve their political differences so that the work of the Committee can move forward. But it wasn’t to be. Continue reading »

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Jul 012014
 
Photo: WIPO

Photo: WIPO

[WIPO Press Release, Link]  India has become the first nation to ratify the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled.

So far, more than 75 WIPO member states have signed the Treaty, which was adopted on June 27, 2013 at a diplomatic conference organized by WIPO and hosted by the Kingdom of Morocco in Marrakesh.

The Treaty will take effect after 20 ratifications or accessions are presented to WIPO. India was first after it officially notified WIPO of its ratification. Continue reading »

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Jun 182014
 

medicines patent poolThe Pediatric HIV Treatment Initiative was launched today at an event on Capitol Hill. The initiative plans to foster the development, manufacture, and distribution of pediatric formulations of antiretroviral therapies for the treatment of HIV/AIDS. It will draw on the Medicines Patent Pool’s existing relationships to obtain the necessary intellectual property rights and production know-how from branded firms, and transfer the technology to generic firms. It then plans to coordinate large-scale purchases to ensure the medicines get to children in need. The Pediatric HIV Treatment Initiative is a joint project of the Medicines Patent Pool, the Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative, and UNITAID. Continue reading »

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Jun 162014
 

who-logoKey data on prices, regulatory status, tariffs and the intellectual property situation

World Health Organization, Link
Peter Beyer and Joseph Perriëns

This paper provides information on the prices paid by 20 middle-income countries for adult and paediatric formulations of antiretroviral treatments recommended by WHO. It links this information with an analysis of the intellectual property situation of the selected medicines taking into account existing license agreements as well as compulsory licenses, and includes data and general information on a number of other determinants of prices and availability of ARVs, including tariffs, mark ups and taxes, as well as the regulatory status. Continue reading »

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Jun 022014
 

iahcr freedom of expression and the internet - coverLast December, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights Office of the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression published the report Freedom of Expression on the Internet.

The report, authored by Rapporteur Catalina Botero Marino, warned that copyright protection “cannot be pursued in a way that chills creativity or the free exchange of information on the Internet.”  It specifically warns against intermediary liability, non-judicial processes of notice and termination, disconnection of users from the internet, and unreasonable penalties in cases of civil liability.   Continue reading »

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May 142014
 

who-logoKey data on prices, regulatory status, tariffs and the intellectual property situation

[World Health Organization] OVERVIEW: The paper provides information on the prices paid by 20 middle-income countries for adult and paediatric formulations of antiretroviral treatments recommended by WHO. It links this information with an analysis of the intellectual property situation of the selected medicines taking into account existing license agreements as well as compulsory licenses, and includes data and general information on a number of other determinants of prices and availability of ARVs, including tariffs, markups and taxes, as well as the regulatory status. Continue reading »

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