Author: Carolina Botero

La Ley Lleras Continúa

Primeras impresiones de la reforma al derecho de autor que presentará el gobierno en 2017 para implementar el TLC con EEUU. [Fundación Karisma, Link (CC-BY-SA)] El lunes 2 de octubre, la Dirección Nacional de Derecho de Autor citó a Karisma y a otros actores interesados para  socializar la nueva versión del proyecto de ley de reforma al derecho de autor, que se presentará al Congreso para cumplir obligaciones TLC relacionadas con derecho de autor. Les dejo mis primeras impresiones sobre el texto. La reforma es la misma que fue aprobada por el Congreso en un trámite de urgencia en 2012 (conocida como Ley Lleras 2), declarada inexequible en 2013 por vicios de forma y presentada nuevamente al Congreso en 2014 (conocida como Ley Lleras 4), pero retirada para abrir mesas de diálogo. La nueva versión fue presentada en 2016 (se habló de Ley Lleras 5). Después de otra ronda de consultas que han analizando por un año, hoy consideran que tienen un texto con el que el Gobierno se siente tranquilo y que llevará al Congreso. Es importante que recordemos que esta propuesta de ley no es la de Ley Lleras 1, cuyo objeto era exonerar a los intermediarios de internet por los usos sospechosos que hagan las personas en la red, esa obligación ligada al TLC se mantiene pendiente. Lo primero es decir que los actuales procesos de reforma al derecho de autor toman años en cualquier lugar del...

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Access to Knowledge as Human Rights

Reposted from Ditigal Rights LAC, Link (CC-BY) Access to knowledge was the topic that Karisma Foundationpresented during the thematic hearing before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) on the impact of Internet on defense and exercise of human rights. The hearing was held in Washington, during the 153rd Session, on October 28, 2014. Access to knowledge, as a human right closely linked to freedom of expression, is a complex and broad topic. However, the focus of the presentation was about the tension intensified with the popularization of Internet between the legal copyright system and the right of Latin American societies to access to knowledge and information for ensuring social development. This tension is explained by the potential Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), especially Internet, to access. In addition, ICTs reduce costs for creation, production and distribution of content and provide a decentralized infrastructure where all interact with that content. This ability is definitely positive but has also been seen as a threat to legal circulation model of content offered by law copyright. Under a human rights approach, this tension is manifested by at least in 3 topics: 1. Pressures to States to implement highly disproportionate copyright protection laws This happens with FTAs that seek to transfer to the local context standards that have even been highly questioned in their home countries. This is the case of the “Saga of the Lleras Law” in...

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Bolivia Discusses Collective Management Issues

[Cross posted from Fundación Karisma, Link, (CC-BY)] In Bolivia, La Paz’s City Council is discussing the “Municipal Autonomy Bill No. 100,” which seeks to create mechanisms to ensure the protection of the public performance right of musical works via strengthening collecting society system. The draft law has generated considerable public discontent in Bolivian society because it is quite broad in powers granted to the country’s main collecting society, SOBODAYCOM. The bill seems to have a very wide scope as it suggests that to develop any musical activity in the city of La Paz hereunder the SOBODAYCOM’s authorization will be required. The entity will grant it upon payment of the appropriate license. By not limiting the payment scope to the music catalogue managed by the entity, the collection includes all the music even those under an open license (such as Creative Commons that includes a Noncommercial component) or is in the public domain. Even more troubling is that forms of creativity collective such as those of original indigenous groups, or other collective and social movements might also be included in those charges. Moreover, the bill suggests that that SOBODAYCOM’s management will not only be for its members but will be mandatory for any beneficiary, including anyone whether or not affiliated. The bill includes an exception. Activities of “social, educational, sports and cultural nature, and others that do not have a...

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Colombian Biology Student Facing Criminal Charges, Possible Jail Time, for Sharing Thesis Without Authorization

I would like to draw your attention to a copyright case in Colombia in which biology student Diego Gomez is facing criminal charges after sharing a Master Thesis written by another Colombian biologist (without asking for permission) in 2011 on the Internet. We believe this case is evidence of exaggerated criminal copyright laws, and also evidence of the need to rethink the way that science circulates.  I can give more information to those of you that might be interested. Most of the documents are in Spanish, but you can read the story told by Diego in Karisma’s campaign page here.  EFF is helping us spread the word (blog post).  And there has already been some noise made in the English press here Thanks for helping us say #CompartirNoEsDelito (means Sharing is not a crime) If you need more information just contact me.  ...

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Open Education Week: A Focus on Latin America

[Reposted from Creative Commons Affiliates Blog, Link (CC-BY)]On Thursday, March 14 Fundación Karisma, in collaboration with UNESCO and Creative Commons will launch the report “Public Expenditure On Education in Latin America: Can It Serve the Paris Open Educational Resources Declaration’s Purposes?” “Human rights are not left at the door when we enter the online world.” This is the premise on which we embark on a new research project related to one of the fundamental rights under threat in a networked society: access to knowledge. In Latin America, paper textbooks coexist with digital technologies, but for the most part these digital resources are not yet an essential part of education systems. Despite efforts to foster the pedagogical use of information technology, in Latin America there is currently more emphasis on connectivity issues. Without adequately addressing the challenges to connectivity, the educational ecosystem is wasting real opportunities to boost the adoption and implementation of appropriate technologies. Open education promotes knowledge as a public good based on the following elements: redistribution (sharing with others), remixing (combining resources to create new content), free reuse of whole or partial educational materials with proper attribution, the ability to revise resources in order to make modifications, enhancements, and adaptations according to context, and peer reviewing to ensure resource quality. As described in the report, the increasing availability of Open Educational Resources open up a range of...

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El 301 Es un Instrumento de Matoneo

[Reposted from Karisma.org.co, Link, (CC-BY-SA)]  Como cada año la USTR (Oficina de Comercio del Gobierno de EE.UU) elabora su Informe Especial 301 que es simplemente una lista negra de los países piratas que ha sido ampliamente criticada como ilegítima pues es unilateral (desconoce los canales internacionales acordados en la Organización Mundial de Comercio para resolver conflictos de este tipo), resulta una afrenta a la soberanía de los países y en todo caso es el resultado de un procedimiento arbitrario. La 301 es una lista prioritaria (en 3 niveles) de los países que según la USTR están incumpliendo sus obligaciones de propiedad intelectual contenidas en los TLC con EE.UU. Los países que aparecen en esta lista son los que la USTR define con la asesoría principalmente de la industria que depende de la explotación de la propiedad intelectual (farmaceúticas, casas disqueras, editoriales, canales privados, etcétera). Para hacerlo la USTR tiene un proceso público de consultas del que participamos algunas ONG de la sociedad civil e incluso algunos países presentando comentarios, sin embargo el resultado cada año muestra como los argumentos no son tenidos en cuenta y prevalece la visión de la industria. Como lo hicimos en 2011 y en 2013, Fundación Karisma presentó ayer los comentarios para la lista que saldrá para 2014. En esta oportunidad la carta la suscribimos junto con IFarma y Misión Salud para referirnos también al tema de medicamentos. En su columna de hoy en El Espectador, Carolina Botero nos...

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What Is the Status of Copyright Reform in Colombia?

[Reposted from Digital Rights LAC, Link, (CC-BY-SA)]  At Digital Rights LAC we wanted to ask different specialists in the region about their personal appraisals on digital rights issues. This is the case of Carolina Botero from Colombia. We asked her what the main achievements were regarding the “exceptions and limitations to copyright” and what direction these discussions took in 2013. Here is her reply.  Bearing in mind that Colombia is anticipating a copyright reform, essentially to fulfill the commitments of the FTA with the USA (ie commercial interests of the holders), 2013 was, however, an interesting year for the “positive agenda” that the country’s Karisma Foundation is pushing, which has exceptions at its central axis, which are understood as guarantees of fundamental rights and not as favors for the holders. Last year began with a bill of five new exceptions to the Colombian legal system. The project had good intentions but did not meet the needs of the beneficiary communities and ended up being removed. Half way through the year, during a series of workshops organized by the Ministry of Commerce to advance the FTA, the government received several civil society proposals to strengthen the exceptions. The proposals are currently still being studied. During 2013, law 1680, an initiative by Senator Juan Manuel Galán, was also approved, which seeks to provide access to knowledge for the blind and visually...

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Colombian government agrees to discuss the ‘Law Lleras IV’ with civil society

[Translation of RedPaTodos press release]  On May 17th, the Minister of Internal Affairs, Fernando Carrillo, and the Minister of Commerce, Industry and Tourism, Sergio Diaz-granados, presented Bill 306 of 2013 to the House of Representatives,  The Bill aims to implement some of the commitments of the  Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with the United States on copyright. The initiative takes up almost identically the text of the 1520 Act that was declared unconstitutional by the Colombian Constitutional Court in January. Days after, the collective ‘RedPaTodos‘ met with some of Diaz-Granados’ staff at the Ministry to express their concerns regarding the draft and, above all, to reiterate the need for the project to  be discussed with civil society.  We proposed to stay away from what happened to the previous law, which passed in a hurry in 2012 in order to be completed before the visit of President Barack Obama. Additionally, ‘RedPaTodos’ presented a petition right where he reiterated these points. “We reiterate the Government’s commitment to build laws that meet the specific needs of the country, within the framework and respect of our international commitments, in an inclusive process willing to consider the comments and proposals of civil society” said the communication from the Ministry of Commerce signed on June 4th. The Minister also announced workshops to analyze the proposals of civil society, which will be presented by organizations like the Karisma...

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Colombian Government Presents Again Bill 1520 Without Citizen Participation

Last Friday while celebrating the Internet day the government introduced a Bill, reproducing essentially the text of the former Law1520 (Ley Lleras 2) before the Congress. Despite the several citizen claims (last one) to open a civil dialogue when implementing the US FTA obligations before taking them to parliament, and after 3 failed attemtps to reform the Copyright system during the last 2 years (Ley Lleras 1 on ISP liability was filed , Law 1520 or Ley Lleras 2 that was implementing other copyright provisions was declared unconstitutional, and the 001 bill that developed some basic exceptions but in a very restrictive way and was finally retired this past week. [See also: Gobierno Santos revive la ley 1520 sin socializar, ¿sigue la saga de la Ley Lleras?] On the 25th April Inside US Trade said that the Colombian government expected to introduce and pass the implementation laws before the end of this Congress period (june 20th). We still doubt that the government will try another fast track that will face civil resistance to another not participatory process and political uncertainty since we are in a year previous to elections. The new text is almost a copy/paste with some new order, a couple of withdrawals, a new article on pre-stablished liability remedies. We have basically the same concerns on this new bills that were also addressed by decens of law proffessors in the world...

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Sentencia de Corte Sobre Ley Lleras 2: Inexequible

[Published on karisma.org.co, CC-BY] El 23 de enero de 2013, la Corte Constitucional comunicó su decisión de declarar INEXEQUIBLE en su integridad la ley 1520 de 2012 (Ley Lleras 2), demandada por el Senador Jorge Enrique Robledo. El pasado 18 de marzo fue publicado el texto de la sentencia C-011 de 2013 y se mantienen pendientes de publicación los respectivos salvamentos de voto. Daniel Ríos Sarmiento, colaborador de la Fundación Karisma, resume así el logro que representa esta sentencia: Son grandes noticias las que anuncia la Corte debido a que se logró frenar la implementación de este proyecto de ley, ya que pretendía, por un lado, establecer nuevos conceptos de términos propios de Derechos de Autor (autor, artista, etc.) y así mismo,  configurar un nuevo ente jurídico que pondría en marcha Medidas Tecnológicas para la gestión de Derechos de Autor. Dos temas muy sensibles que hubieran podido afectar las dinámicas actuales de Internet como lo conocemos en el país. Dado que el objeto que dio origen a este proyecto era el de regular aspectos concernientes al Tratado de Libre Comercio con Estado Unidos, el congreso lo tramitó en las comisiones sexta de senado y cámara, encargadas de temas de tratados comerciales. Pero, al contener disposiciones que tratan directamente temas de derechos de autor (de carácter fundamental) se señaló claramente que este procedimiento debió surtirse ante las comisiones primera de senado y cámara dispuestas...

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