Excerpt from Competition Policy Review, Draft Report, September 2014, published under a CC-BY license. The review is being conducted by a panel chaired by Professor Ian Harper. It is accepting comments until November 17, and will issue a final report by March 15. The full draft report (and instructions for comments) is available here. The excerpt below is from pages 87-88.
For individual countries, the optimal design and level of IP rights depends on the extent to which they are net importers or exporters of different forms of IP. Australia is a net importer of IP. With trade and commerce-related aspects of IP crossing national borders, IP has been the subject of international treaties. Frameworks influencing Australian IP law and trade and commerce in IP both within Australia and internationally, include: