Sep 072017
 

International Centre for Trade and Development, Link (CC-BY-NC)

ICTSD is pleased to publish the fourth issue in the CEIPI-ICTSD series on Global Perspectives and Challenges for the Intellectual Property System produced jointly with the Centre for International Intellectual Property Studies (CEIPI). The new issue, edited by Pedro Roffe and Xavier Seuba, explores the impact of plurilateralism on intellectual property law. Continue reading »

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Jun 302017
 

Today, the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative announced a request for public input for a performance review of all the United States’ existing international trade and investment agreements.

In an April 29, 2017 executive order, President Trump directed USTR and the Department of Commerce to submit within 180 days a report that reviews trade agreement performance, identifies trade abuses, and pursues trade remedies. Continue reading »

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Oct 172016
 

sean - 150x150Senior copyright industry experts described the Trans Pacific Partnership and other recent free trade agreements as likely setting a “high water mark” for intellectual property commitments in trade agreements. The statements came as part of a symposium last week on Trading in IP: Copyright Treaties and International Trade Agreements sponsored by Columbia Law School’s Kernochan Center for Law, Media, and the Arts.

Steve Metalitz, Partner at Mitchell, Silberberg & Knupp LLP and long-time Counsel to the International Intellectual Property Alliance, kicked off the discussion Continue reading »

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TTIP and Affordable Medicines

 Posted by on October 3, 2016  Comments Off on TTIP and Affordable Medicines
Oct 032016
 

tpp-report-cover-imageHow TTIP may obstruct progress towards sustainable access to medicines

[Tessel Mellema, Sophie Bloemen and Peter Maybarduk, Link, (CC-BY-NC)] The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) negotiations pose serious risks to Europeans’ access to medicines and affordable healthcare. TTIP is likely to help entrench a broken medical innovation system rather than seize today’s opportunities to advance medical innovation and affordable access to medicines for all. Continue reading »

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Candidates Clinton and Sanders on Intellectual Property and Access to Medicines in the TPP and Other Trade Agreements

 Posted by on April 19, 2016  Comments Off on Candidates Clinton and Sanders on Intellectual Property and Access to Medicines in the TPP and Other Trade Agreements
Apr 192016
 

clinton-sandersThe Pennsylvania Fair Trade Coalition (PFTC) has released questionnaires completed by candidates Sanders and Clinton on their views on the Trans Pacific Partnership. The questionnaires consist of ten questions and allow the candidates to give detailed answers.  Topics include intellectual property and medicines, labor, environment, and fast track. Both candidates’ fully completed questionnaires are available in the PFTC press release. Question 4, on intellectual property and access to medicine, and each candidates’ full answer, are reproduced below: Continue reading »

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Mar 252016
 

US-EUThe European Union has published its report on the 12th round of Transatlantic Trade and Investment (TTIP) negotiations, held in Brussels Februiary 22-26.  The full document is available here.  The section reporting on the intellectual property negotiation (pp. 15-16) follows:

3.5 Intellectual property rights, including Geographical Indications

Given the efficiency of the respective systems, the EU’s intention in this area of negotiations is not to strive towards harmonisation but to identify issues of common interest where we can address divergences. The latest discussions continued to explore what elements a TTIP IPR chapter could include. Continue reading »

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Letter from 76 NGOs and Seven Professors to USTR Asking the U.S. to Publish TTIP Negotiating Proposals

 Posted by on October 26, 2015  Comments Off on Letter from 76 NGOs and Seven Professors to USTR Asking the U.S. to Publish TTIP Negotiating Proposals
Oct 262015
 

US-EUAs U.S. organizations and academics interested in issues related to good governance and transparency, we write to urge you to match the level of openness embarked upon by your counterpart from the European Union and make publicly available U.S. proposals for trade and investment agreements currently under negotiation, in particular, the Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (known as the “TTIP”). We believe that the public release of U.S. and European Union (EU) proposals must be a step toward achieving full transparency, which would be achieved by releasing consolidated draft texts after each negotiating round… Continue reading »

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How Trade Agreements Harm Open Access and Open Source

 Posted by on October 22, 2015  Comments Off on How Trade Agreements Harm Open Access and Open Source
Oct 222015
 

oaw green[EFF Deeplinks, Link (CC-BY)]  Open access isn’t explicitly covered in any of the secretive trade negotiations that are currently underway, including the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), and the Trade In Services Agreement (TISA). But that doesn’t mean that they won’t have a negative impact on those seeking to publish or use open access materials. Continue reading »

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EU Commission ISDS Proposal a Threat to Democracy and Civil Rights

 Posted by on September 21, 2015  Comments Off on EU Commission ISDS Proposal a Threat to Democracy and Civil Rights
Sep 212015
 

ffii[Foundation for a Free Information Infrastructure, Link (CC-BY)] The European Commission has published its investor-to-state dispute settlement (ISDS) reform proposal for the EU-US trade agreement under negotiation (TTIP).

Introduction: The commission’s proposal institutionalises discrimination. It gives foreign investors – and only foreign investors – the right to exit domestic legal systems and use supranational adjudication to challenge government decisions. Supranational adjudication places the development of law outside democratic oversight. Continue reading »

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A Commons Approach to European Knowledge Policy

 Posted by on July 8, 2015  Comments Off on A Commons Approach to European Knowledge Policy
Jul 082015
 

commons network report cover[The Commons Network, Link, (CC-BY] How can we address the high prices of medicines that are straining health budgets? How can openly sharing green knowledge help an agreement at the climate change talks in Paris this year? How could TTIP further privatize knowledge and what can we do about it? What does it mean to say the Internet belongs to everyone?

The Commons perspective sheds light on the democratic governance of knowledge for the common good and identifies knowledge as a shared resource that is a collective responsibility. It emphasizes equitable access to knowledge resources such as health-care, the need to prioritize ecological sustainability in knowledge policy and to promote participation in the management of an open and democratic Internet. Continue reading »

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The Effects of TRIPS-Plus IP Provisions on Access to Affordable Medicines

 Posted by on June 18, 2015  Comments Off on The Effects of TRIPS-Plus IP Provisions on Access to Affordable Medicines
Jun 182015
 
(cc)  rakka

Photo by rakka (CC-BY)

The effects of patenting pharmaceutical products on access to medicines in developing countries are relatively recent as these countries have only been mandated by the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS) rules to grant patents on pharmaceuticals since 2005. As a result there are a limited number of empirical studies documenting these effects.

However, patents grant the patent holder a monopoly on the market that allows the blocking of price-lowering generic competition and the raising of prices which restricts affordable access to medicines. Where patent and other intellectual property (IP) barriers do not exist, generic competition has proven to lower prices of medicines. The attached memo provides numerous examples where intellectual property rules stronger than those required by TRIPS have raised the cost of medicines. Continue reading »

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Senate and House Endorse Balanced IP in Reports on Fast Track

 Posted by on May 14, 2015  Comments Off on Senate and House Endorse Balanced IP in Reports on Fast Track
May 142015
 

sean at podiumThe Senate and House Reports on the Trade Promotion Authority bills working through Congress include important, albeit limited, steps toward endorsing balanced intellectual property norms in trade policy.

The Senate report, released today, states: Continue reading »

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